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CDP Climate Reporting: A Masterclass Guide for ESG Professionals

CDP Climate Reporting

The global sustainability landscape is shifting rapidly. Investors are increasingly demanding transparency and action from companies on climate change. Global Sustainable Investment Alliance (GSIA) 2022’s Global Sustainable Investment Review Survey Report reveals that sustainable assets under management surpassed $30.3 trillion globally, highlighting the growing investor focus on climate-conscious businesses. This is where CDP Climate Reporting steps in.

As the world’s leading environmental disclosure platform, CDP empowers companies to showcase their climate leadership and commitment to a sustainable future. With a robust framework and rigorous scoring system, CDP reporting helps companies not only enhance investor confidence but also prepare for the evolving regulatory landscape around climate risk disclosure.

This blog post is your one-stop guide to CDP Climate Reporting. We’ll delve into the ins and outs of this crucial reporting framework, equipping you, the ESG professional, with the knowledge and best practices to navigate it effectively.

What is CDP Climate Reporting?

CDP Climate Reporting is a standardized framework for companies to disclose climate-related information. It goes beyond simply reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Companies disclose their climate change strategy, risks and opportunities, and governance structures, providing a comprehensive picture of their approach to climate action.

Initially focused on carbon emissions, CDP has evolved to encompass a broader spectrum of environmental issues. However, climate change remains a core pillar, with companies reporting on the following:

  • Scope 1, 2, and 3 Emissions: A comprehensive breakdown of all relevant emissions sources – direct emissions from operations (Scope 1), indirect emissions from purchased electricity (Scope 2), and emissions across the value chain (Scope 3).
  • Climate Change Impact Assessment: Evaluating the physical threats (extreme weather events, rising sea levels) and potential disruptions (policy changes, carbon pricing) posed by climate change to the company’s operations, supply chain, and long-term strategy.

Additionally, identifying opportunities for innovation and growth arising from the low-carbon transition, such as new markets for sustainable products and services.

Benefits of CDP Climate Reporting for Enterprises

CDP Climate Reporting

  • Enhanced Investor Confidence: EY highlights that companies with strong CDP scores receive higher valuations from sustainability-focused investors. Transparent and comprehensive climate disclosures demonstrate a company’s commitment to tackling climate change, a key factor for responsible investors.
  • Reduced Climate Risks: Proactively managing climate risks through CDP reporting allows organizations to identify vulnerabilities and develop strategies to mitigate them, ensuring long-term business resilience.
  • Stronger Brand Reputation: Demonstrating climate leadership through robust CDP disclosures enhances a company’s brand reputation and attracts customers who value sustainability.

Decoding the CDP Climate Reporting Guidelines

CDP’s reporting guidelines ensure consistency, comparability, and transparency across corporate climate disclosures. Here’s a breakdown of key components:

  • Scope 1, 2, and 3 Emissions: Comprehensive reporting on all relevant emissions sources, following established protocols like the GHG Protocol.
  • Climate Change: Assessing both physical risks (extreme weather events, rising sea levels) and transitional risks (policy changes, carbon pricing) associated with climate change. Identifying opportunities from the low-carbon transition, such as energy efficiency innovations or green products.
  • Governance and Strategy: This section highlights the company’s board-level oversight of climate action, management structures responsible for climate initiatives, and its long-term climate strategy for achieving emission reduction goals.

Companies receive scores based on the comprehensiveness, transparency, and action orientation of their disclosures. High CDP scores attract sustainability-focused investors and demonstrate a company’s commitment to climate action.

Case Study: Leading by Example in CDP Climate Reporting

Take a look at Orsted, a global leader in renewable energy. Their 2022 CDP Climate Change Report showcases a well-structured approach:

  • Clear breakdown of Scope 1, 2, and 3 emissions.
  • Comprehensive assessment of climate risks and opportunities.
  • Detailed overview of Orsted’s ambitious strategy to achieve carbon neutrality by 2025.

This demonstrates the value of clear, concise, and action-oriented disclosures that paint a complete picture of a company’s climate action efforts.

Reporting Standards and Best Practices for Success

Going beyond the basic guidelines, here are some best practices to elevate your CDP Climate Reporting:

  • Data Accuracy and Consistency: Ensure the accuracy of your data through internal verification processes and alignment with established protocols like the GHG Protocol. Consistency in data presentation across years facilitates trend analysis and showcases progress.
  • Transparency and Clarity: Present data in an easily digestible format with clear explanations and visualizations. Cater to stakeholders with varying levels of climate expertise — avoid technical jargon without sacrificing detail. Utilize tables, charts, and infographics to enhance understanding.
  • Actionable Strategies: Don’t just report historical emissions — showcase concrete plans for emission reduction. Set ambitious science-based targets aligned with the Paris Agreement goals. Outline strategies to achieve these targets, such as investing in renewable energy, implementing energy efficiency measures, and fostering innovation in low-carbon technologies.

Industry Resources to Support Your Journey

CDP offers a wealth of resources to guide companies through the reporting process. Their website includes detailed guidance documents, webinars, and training materials. Additionally, reputable organizations like the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) provide helpful resources and frameworks to support robust climate action strategies.

Industry Examples: Leading the Way in CDP Climate Reporting

Learning from industry leaders who excel in CDP climate reporting can be valuable. Let’s explore two companies from different sectors demonstrating exceptional practices:

Technology Sector Leader: Microsoft

Microsoft consistently ranks high in CDP Climate Reporting. Their 2022 Environmental Sustainability Report highlights key strengths:

CDP Climate Reporting

  • Ambitious science-based targets aligned to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 and be carbon-negative by 2030
  • Investment in renewable energy sources and energy efficiency initiatives across their operations.
  • Collaboration with suppliers to encourage sustainable practices throughout the value chain.

Manufacturing Sector Leader: Unilever

Unilever, a leading consumer goods company, is another example of excellence in CDP Climate Reporting. Their 2024 Climate Transition Action Plan (CTAP) report showcases their commitment through:

CDP Climate Reporting

  • Setting ambitious goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and achieve net-zero ambition by 2039 across their entire value chain.
  • Implementing innovative packaging solutions and promoting responsible consumption practices among consumers.
  • Engaging with policymakers to advocate for climate-friendly regulations.

These industry examples illustrate how leading enterprises leverage CDP Climate Reporting to manage climate risks and seize opportunities presented by the low-carbon transition.


CDP Climate Reporting is a powerful tool for companies to demonstrate their commitment to climate action and build a more sustainable future. By understanding the guidelines, embracing best practices, and learning from industry leaders, ESG professionals can help their companies excel in CDP reporting. As regulatory landscapes evolve towards mandatory climate risk disclosure, strong CDP performance will position companies for future compliance and continued investor confidence.

Embrace CDP Climate Reporting as a strategic tool for driving corporate climate action and achieving long-term sustainability goals. Explore CDP’s resources, learn from industry leaders, and craft a compelling climate change disclosure showcasing your company’s commitment to a greener future.

Empower your CDP Climate Reporting journey with Lythouse. Get a free consultation today and discover how our sustainability experts can help you achieve CDP leadership.


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